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Islam

 

 History of Islam
 

Islam was founded by Muhammad (full name: Muhammad Ibne Abdullah).  Muhammad was born around 570 a.d. in Mecca which is now located in Saudi Arabia.  Mecca was then the cultural and religious center of Arabia. 

Around 35 Muhammad assumed the habit of going outside of Mecca to Mt. Hirah for meditation and contemplation.  There was a cave there and he often went there for solitude. It was during one of these times of meditation that Muhammad said an angelic being appeared to him, calling him.  This disturbed Muhammad (Qur'an 81:19-29) and he told his wife Khadija that he thought he had been visited by an evil Jinn.  Jinn are supposed to be living beings like people, but not angels, who were created from fire and are invisible, yet dwell on the earth.  A short time later, in the year 610 (believed to be the 26th of Ramadan), while in a cave on Mt. Hirah, Muhammad said that the angel Gabriel appeared to him and commanded him to recite (96:1-19).  This recitation became the Qur'an.  In these encounters with the angel Gabriel, sometimes he would see the angel, other times he would only hear him, and at others he only heard the sound of a bell through which the words of the angel came.

It became the mission of Muhammad to proclaim the truth of Islam, given to him by Allah, through the angel Gabriel.  Muhammad called the people of his area to repent from their idol worship, to do good, and to serve the one and true God, Allah.  He taught that man is God's slave and it is his duty to submit to God and obey him.  He said that the Day of Judgment was coming and that a man's works will be weighed on that day.  Those whose good deeds out weigh their bad may, by Allah's grace, be saved and enter Paradise which is full of sensual pleasures.   The unsaved go to hell.   His first converts were his wife, Khadija, his cousin Ali, and his adopted son Zaid ibn Haritha.  Soon afterwards, Abu Bakr also believed.  In his first three years of proclaiming Islam, he had 40 converts.
  
In the year 620 Muhammad lost his beloved uncle Abu Talib (who never became a Muslim) and his wife Khadija.  "After a few months Muhammad sought comfort by marrying the widow of one of the believers named
Sawdah
.  He also later married Ayisha, the seven-year old daughter of his friend Abu Bakr, who he took into his home three years later."  According to Muslim historians, Muhammad had 12 wives when he died.

In 632, Muhammad delivers his last sermon, later falls ill, and dies in the presence of his favorite wife, Aisha, and her father, Abu-Bakr.  He was buried in Medina in his own house.  His father in law, Abu-Bakr, becomes Caliph, the religious leader of Islam.  Today, there are about 1.2 billion Muslims worldwide. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 The belief that does not save is the belief that does not change the person who believes. Jesus said that if you believe in Him, you would be changed